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Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area

Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area


Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area is an ancient Native American mound center in Cheatham County, Tennessee that dates to the Mississippian period of regional prehistory (ca. 1000–1350 CE). The site core includes at least 12 earthen mounds oriented around a 7-acre plaza within a meander bend of the Harpeth River. The Mound Bottom site is owned and protected by the State of Tennessee and included on the National Register of Historic Places, the National Park Service’s program to identify, evaluate, and protect America’s historic and archaeological resources.

The meander bend containing the Mound Bottom site was farmed for nearly a century prior to its purchase by the State of Tennessee, and as a result historic plowing has altered the original size and shape of the mounds surrounding the main plaza. The largest mound at the site, Mound A, is a platform mound which today measures approximately 246 feet along each side and stands approximately 36 feet tall. Mound A was constructed in at least four stages beginning around 1000 CE, and would have originally supported one or more structures on its summit. The remaining mounds surrounding the plaza today measure between 2 and 13 feet tall. Archaeological evidence suggests most of these mounds were originally flat-topped and, like Mound A, built to support structures on their summits. Geophysical survey and remote sensing data reveal that Mound Bottom was not a vacant ritual center, but that instead structures or residences w

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Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area

1377 Cedar Hill Road, Kingston Springs, TN 37082


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